U San Thaung; 52-years-old; Farmer; Seed Producer; Secretary of Farmer Pool
U San Thaung is a farmer from GyatChaung Village which is situated at the eastern-bank of Bogalay River. He owns 9 acres of farm growing the paddies in both summer and monsoon seasons. Since the beginning of the SEED Project of RadanarAyar, he collaborated as a Secretary of farmer pool representing the farmers from his village and also became a seed producer.
As a secretary of GyatChaung Farmer Pool, he fills up his responsibilities at best under the Chairperson and the farmer pool performs some groundbreaking activities for the farmers from the village. As an instance, the farmer pool raised the fund from project collaborated farmers and procured the nitrogenous fertilizers. Then the fertilizers were distributed to all the farmers from the village (there are total 25 farmers in GyatChaung Village). Therefore, the farmers can use the fertilizers in time and can pay back the money after harvesting. This activity benefits to both parties: farmer pool and the farmers because the farmer pool could raise its fund about 70,000 kyat grossly.
U San Thaung also ensures to motivate the farmers as in attending meetings, seeder application in summer crop production and systematic fertilizer application. Not only motivating the other farmers, he, himself, also adopt the improved agricultural techniques. As a seed producer, he practices hand transplantation in his all acres (9 acres) and there are always 3 acres of seed production since 2012.
“I practice the techniques systematically as directed by RadanarAyar – for plantation, fertilizer application and roughing. I also interested in the quality of the seeds and therefore always send to RadanarAyar for testing. Although the quality can be said ‘improved’, it’s only in visible not scientific. That’s why I want to know is it real improvement (scientifically). Due to the results, I am happy that I became a seed grower”- said by U San Thaung.
The seed produced from the farm of U San Thaung always meets the seed-criteria set-out by Central Seed Bank (CSB) of the project and in 2013 Monsoon harvesting season, 10 baskets of Paw-Hsan-Hmway were sold as certified seeds tothe CSB. The rest baskets were sold to other farmers from the village and nearby villages. Including Paw-Hsan-Hmway, Thee-Htat-Yin and Shwe-Pyi-Htay, U San Thaung could sell the seeds at 130 baskets in total for monsoon 2013 production.[In 2013 Monsoon, U San Thaung participated as a collaborating farmer for Baby Trials (farmer assisted research) and cultivated four varieties including Shwe-Pyi-Htay. Due to preference of farmers, U San Thaung sold Shwe-Pyi-Htay as seed to two farmers].
U San Thaungsaid, “In this monsoon (2013), I sold 10 baskets of paw-hsan-hmway to CSB; 5 baskets of shwe-pyi-htay and 25 baskets of thee-htat-yin within village; 65 baskets of thee-htat-yin to farmers from Myin-Ka-Kone Village; and 25 baskets of paw-hsan-hmway to Sat-Kyun Villages”. He continues, “Although I practiced hand transplantation previously, it didn’t result properly. After collaboration with RadanarAyar, the results become better and better because of systematic technical supports for the whole process of production. Yes, the hand transplantation is necessary but also need to follow by other necessary practices in fertilizer, roughing and even in harvesting. Now, I know the benefit of seed production and how to produce seed. In upcoming seasons, I will try to expand the seed production acres as much as I can”.