U Myo Zaw; 35-years-old; Farmer;Seed Producer;Secretary of Farmer Pool
U Myo Zaw is the secretary of farmer pool from OkeKyut Village. He is not only an active member of farmer pool, but also a farmer who is able to monitor the cropping situation of other farmers continuously. He is producing certified seeds of Paw-Hsan-Hmwayin collaborating with Radanar Ayar since 2012 Monsoon production season and he practices systematic hand transplantation technique. For his famer pool, he takes part as an important role: taking meeting minutes, keeping the documents of working with the project (includes contracts, grant provision notes and input distribution) and even has to manage to revolve the farming machine (thresher).
As a Seed Producer, U Myo Zaw follows the good practices of Radanar Ayar: use the method of salt-water seed selection, hand transplantation, systematic fertilizer application, full time roughing (3 times), in-time harvesting, threshing and drying processes. Then the yield of Paw-Hsan-Hmway increases up to 65 baskets per acre in 2013 Monsoon (normally 40 baskets per acre for broadcasted or fork transplantation). However, he didn’t sell to outside the village as he aims the other farmers from his village to use the quality seeds.
Since 2012 when U Myo Zaw collaborated with the project for seed production, he continues the practice of hand transplantation and increases his acres of hand transplantation annually. “Starting from previous monsoon , I started to adopt hand transplantation in 7 acres (out of total 17 acres). In this monsoon , hand transplantation acres were increased up to 10 acres as the yields from hand-transplanted farms are improved significantly” said by U Myo Zaw.And he continues,“because of increased income, I can provide my son with tuition and my spouse can now participate in (village) social affairs. As an instance, when one of our relatives was admitted to hospital, we could visit there with some presents”.
However, there are still constraints for practicing hand transplantation in all acres because of the geographical situation. He Said, “Our soil situation is degraded season after season and the practice of hand transplantation is the only situation for improving yield. However,not all the farms are in favorable condition as those are situated in deep-water field”.
U Myo Zaw is a farmer not only focuses on his own farms but also on the whole village’s farms. He regularly visited to other farms for convincing to adopt improved technologies. Sometimes, he voluntarily helps other farmers. As an example, he visited to the neighbor’s farm and advice how to conduct hand transplantation systematically. Then he demonstrates how hand transplantation can be done systematically at that field. Similarly, in time of roughing, he helped the other farmers to remove off-type plants manually.As another instance; during the visit of FAATU to OkeKyut Village, U Zaw Myo reported the case of suspected disease in non-project collaborated farm. And FAATU visited to the reported farm and inspected the fungal disease in the rice field.Then the required technical advices could be provided to the farmer for harvesting in-time, threshing in-time and keeping separately as it could spread to other farms and other seeds.